Eid-al-Fitr, known as “Eid” in Bangladesh, marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting observed by Muslims worldwide. It is a joyous occasion celebrated with religious fervor and cultural traditions. In Bangladesh, Eid holds immense significance, bringing together families and communities in festivities that reflect the country’s rich cultural heritage.

Introduction to Eid-al-Fitr

Eid-al-Fitr is one of the most anticipated festivals in Bangladesh, celebrated with great enthusiasm and zeal. It marks the conclusion of Ramadan, a month of fasting, prayer, and reflection for Muslims worldwide. The sighting of the new moon signals the end of Ramadan and the beginning of Shawwal, the month of Eid.

Significance of Eid-al-Fitr in Bangladesh

In Bangladesh, Eid holds deep religious and cultural significance. It is a time for spiritual renewal, forgiveness, and gratitude for blessings received during Ramadan. The festival embodies the values of compassion, generosity, and unity, fostering a sense of community among people of all backgrounds.

Preparations leading up to Eid-al-Fitr

In the days before Eid, there is a sense of excitement and eager anticipation as people get ready for the celebrations. Houses are cleaned and adorned, while markets are busy with shoppers looking for new clothes, presents, and delicious foods.

Shopping and Markets

Eid shopping is a cherished tradition in Bangladesh, with markets and bazaars adorned with colorful decorations and lights. Families shop for new clothes, shoes, accessories, and gifts for loved ones, contributing to the vibrant atmosphere of the season.

Cleaning and Decorating

Homes undergo thorough cleaning and decoration to welcome the Eid celebrations. From scrubbing floors to hanging festive lights and banners, every corner is adorned with care and attention to detail.



The Night before Eid: Chandraat

The night before Eid, known as Chandraat, is a time of anticipation and preparation. Families gather for special prayers at mosques and homes, seeking blessings for the upcoming festivities. Markets and streets come alive with bustling crowds, as people indulge in last-minute shopping and festive delicacies.

Eid Morning: Fajr Prayers and Rituals

Eid morning begins with the Fajr prayers at mosques, where Muslims gather to offer thanks and seek blessings for the day ahead. After prayers, families engage in traditional rituals, including the exchange of gifts, greetings, and visits to relatives and neighbors.

Traditional Eid Foods

Eid celebrations in Bangladesh are incomplete without a lavish spread of traditional foods. From savory dishes like biryani, kebabs, and samosas to sweet treats like sheer khurma and rasgulla, the Eid feast is a culinary delight that brings families together in joyous celebration.

Family and Community Gatherings

Eid is a time for reconnecting with family and friends, as people open their homes to guests and loved ones. From lavish feasts to intimate gatherings, the spirit of hospitality and generosity prevails, strengthening bonds of kinship and friendship.

Giving of Zakat-al-Fitr

Zakat-al-Fitr, or charity given before Eid prayers, is an integral part of the festival, ensuring that the less fortunate can also partake in the joyous celebrations. Muslims donate a specific amount of food or money to those in need, embodying the spirit of compassion and solidarity.

Eid Celebrations in Urban Areas

One of the highlights of Eid celebrations in urban areas is the vibrant street festivals and cultural events organized by communities and local authorities. These festivals feature music, dance, and theatrical performances, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of Bangladesh.

Eid Celebrations in Rural Areas

In rural areas, Eid celebrations are marked by traditional customs and rituals passed down through generations. Villages come alive with the sounds of laughter and music as families gather for communal prayers, feasts, and cultural festivities.


Impact of Eid-al-Fitr on Bangladesh’s Economy

Eid-al-Fitr has a significant impact on Bangladesh’s economy, driving consumer spending, tourism, and business activities. The festival provides a boost to various sectors, including retail, hospitality, transportation, and agriculture, contributing to economic growth and prosperity.

Cultural Significance and Traditions

Eid-al-Fitr is deeply intertwined with Bangladesh’s cultural heritage, reflecting a blend of religious customs and local traditions. From wearing traditional attire like panjabi and saris to participating in cultural performances and rituals, the festival celebrates the diversity and richness of Bangladeshi culture.

Modern Influences on Eid Celebrations

In recent years, modern influences have reshaped Eid celebrations in Bangladesh, with technological advancements and social media playing a significant role. From virtual gatherings to online shopping and digital greetings, technology has transformed the way people observe and celebrate Eid.

Eid-al-Fitr Amidst COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed challenges to Eid celebrations in Bangladesh, with restrictions on public gatherings and travel impacting traditional rituals and festivities. However, communities have adapted by embracing virtual gatherings, social distancing measures, and charitable initiatives to ensure a safe and meaningful Eid experience.


Eid-al-Fitr holds a special place in the hearts of Bangladeshis, symbolizing unity, compassion, and renewal. The festival brings people together in celebration of faith, family, and community, reaffirming bonds of kinship and solidarity. Despite challenges posed by the pandemic, the spirit of Eid continues to shine brightly, illuminating homes and hearts with joy and hope.

Eid-al-Fitr (Breaking of the Fast) is the largest religious festival of Muslims and marks the end of Ramadan, which is a month of fasting and prayer; it is the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal. Many Muslims attend communal prayers seeking divine blessings, listen to a khutba (sermon) and give zakat al-fitr (charity in the form of food) during Eid al-Fitr. Zakat al-fitr is a form of charity consisting of a quantity of food, such as barley, dates, raisins or wheat flour, or its monetary equivalent given to the poor.

After 30 days of fasting, Muslims celebrate this auspicious occasion with a lot of joy and happiness. Bangladeshi people start preparation early during Ramadan by shopping for their family, friends and the poor. Shopping malls are decorated and lit up with lights for Eid. On the night before Eid (Chand raat meaning moon sight night), women of all ages like to decorate their hands with henna. Salutation after sighting of the moon and holding fare are a tradition in the Muslim community. Exchanging of greeting cards is also part of Eid; children make special hand-made greeting cards for their friends and family. Everyone wears new dresses on this special day; kids collect ‘salami’ (cash gift) from the elderly; people visit their relatives where they enjoy the elaborate preparation of festive food (shemai, jarda, korma, polao) and drinks.


  1. Is Eid-al-Fitr a public holiday in Bangladesh?
    • Yes, Eid-al-Fitr is a public holiday in Bangladesh, observed nationwide with government offices, businesses, and schools closed for the day.
  2. What are some traditional Eid foods in Bangladesh?
    • Traditional Eid foods in Bangladesh include biryani, kebabs, samosas, sheer khurma, rasgulla, and various sweet and savory dishes.
  3. How do people greet each other on Eid in Bangladesh?
    • People greet each other with “Eid Mubarak,” which translates to “Blessed Eid,” accompanied by hugs, handshakes, and exchanging of gifts.

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